Most spider bites are not harmful and few of those which are harmful are truly dangerous or life-threatening to humans. In North America, the Black Widow (characterized by a black, shiny body with a red hour glass figure on its underside) and Brown Recluse (characterized by a dark brown, violin-shaped marking on the top portion of its body) spiders can be dangerous and may be deadly to some humans. These bites will most likely require medical attention.
- Keep the casualty calm and immobilize the bitten area. Keep the bitten area lower than the heart.
- Wash the bite with soap and running water.
- Seek medical attention if the bite is thought to have come from a Black Widow or Brown Recluse. Call 9-1-1 immediately if the casualty has trouble breathing, severe pain, muscle cramps, vomiting or loses consciousness.
Content excerpted from the Urgent First Aid Guide used by permission Copyright 2013 UrgentFirstAid.com
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