ANSI Z308.1-2015 Standard Minimum Requirements  Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies - Buy new ANSI Kits
ANSI Z308.1-2015 Standard Minimum Requirements Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies - Buy new ANSI Kits

Monthly Archives: March 2016

  • When do you apply insect repellent?

    When do most people think of applying Insect Repellent? When they get bitten! (As in "Ouch! Dang! I'm getting bitten. I need to put on my insect repellent...)

    So what does this mean?

    It means you should have insect sting relief products for after a bite or sting as well as repellent!

    Insect Repellent & Sting Relief

    insectrepellents-animatedInsect Repellent & Relief for avoiding biting and stinging pests and first aid treatment if they get you!

    Insect Sting Relief Pads & After Bite®. We offer several bite and sting relief first aid treatments for people with and without allergies to bee and wasp stings. Bite Relief for Ants, Chiggers, and more in Applicators & Sting Relief Towelettes. We even offer cool new After Bite for Kids! Don't scratch and whine... Treat Insect Bites and get on with your day!

    Ben's DEET, Natrapel DEET-Free & BugX Insect Repellents + After Bite Relief & Sting Pads! Bug Bite Treatment & Insect Sting Relief

    When do most people think about applying Insect Repellent? AFTER they've been bitten! Be sure to stock up on Insect Sting Relief as well as Bug Repellent! Insect Repellant & Bug Repellent Pumps and continuous spray. Wasp & Hornet Spray, Bite Relief with Applicator & Repellent Towelettes / Wipes. Protect from Asian Tiger Mosquito, Dengue, Yellow Fever, West Nile and more.

    ALSO SEE: Anti-Itch Cream, Itch Cream & Cleanser , Insect Repellents & Poison Ivy Block NEW! Read about First Aid for Bites & Stings!

    ? The CDC recommends avoiding Mosquito bites as the best solution available at present for Zika Prevention as well as the Dengue problem. Read more about Dengue from CDC & WHO

  • Dehydration

    Dehydration is water loss from your body. Often, dehydration causes only mild symptoms, such as thirst or fatigue, but severe dehydration can lead to heat exhaustion or stroke, hypovolemic shock or even death. Chronic dehydration can increase the risk of kidney stones.

    Dehydration Symptoms and Signs
    Dehydration symptoms and signs depend on how much water you lose from your body.

    When you are mildly dehydrated (1-3% body weight loss), you will be probably thirsty and you might have dry mouth. If you continue to lose water (4-6% body weight loss), your lips may become dry and you may feel tired and lightheaded. You will also excrete less urine, which will probably be darker than usually. In severe dehydration (>6% body weight loss), you can become very thirsty and tired and can have severe headache. Your heart rate will likely beat fast and you can excrete little or no urine, which may become dark brown. When you lose more than 10% of body weight due to water loss you can lose consciousness or die.

    Negative Effects of Dehydration

    Decreased Physical Performance
    ElectrolytesDehydration that results in greater than 2% loss of body weight can decrease physical performance. This may be important during a long-lasting exercise, such as marathon. Marathoners do not need to completely rehydrate themsleves during the race but can stay mildyl rehydrated and stiil keep their performance at the optimal level.
    Orthostatic Hypotension

    In individuals with orthostatic hypotension--a drop of blood pressure upon standing--dehydration can worsen symptoms, for example, fainting after getting up in the morning.

    Drinking about 300 to 500 mL of water 15 minutes before getting up can prevent orthostatic hypotension in sensitive individuals.
    Other Negative Effects of Chronic Dehydration

    • Chronic fatigue
    • Decreased concentration, poor memory
    • Worsening of asthma or allergies

    Dehydration Complications

    Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke
    In hot weather, especially at temperatures exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) when you do not drink enough, you may lose so much water that you are no longer able to sweat sufficiently to maintain your normal body temperature. This may lead to two possible complications:

    1. Heat exhaustion with profuse sweating, cool skin, increased body temperature (up to 40 °C), dizziness and headache
    2. Heat stroke with warm, dry skin, severely increased body temperature (over 40 °C), severe fatigue and impaired consciousness

    Small children, elderly and those who work physically in hot weather are at greatest risk of heat exhaustion or stroke.

    First aid in heat exhaustion or stroke:

    • Move an affected person to a cool place or at least out from the direct sun and place him or her in a lying position with slightly elevated legs.
    • Remove any unnecessary clothing.
    • Give a person cold water to drink but not more than 1.5 liters per hour to avoid water intoxication (hyponatremia).
    • Place the casualty in a cool (60-65 F or 15-18 C), not cold,  shower or bath or wrap him or her with cool wet towels.
    • If the above measures do not seem to help within an hour (no drop of body temperature, worsening of symptoms), take the person to the hospital or call a doctor as soon as possible.
    • In severe dehydration, a person may need an intravenous infusion of saline. If an infusion is not available, a person should get an oral rehydration solution (ORS), which contains salt.

    Hypovolemic Shock
    Severe dehydration (>10% loss of body weight) may result in a drop of blood volume which may result in an inadequate perfusion of the tissues and, eventually in multiple organ failure.

    Early symptoms and signs of hypovolemic shock include anxiety, clammy skin and increased and weak pulse; late symptoms and signs include a drop of blood pressure, loss of consciousness and, eventually, death.

    Hypovolemic shock needs to be treated promptly by intravenous saline infusion, otherwise it may result in death or permanent organ damage.
    Acute Kidney Failure
    In severe dehydration, the kidneys are no longer able to excrete waste products of metabolism, such as urea, which therefore start to acumulate in the blood and cause uremia.

    Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, impaired consciousness, very little or no urine.
    Kidney Stones
    If you are chronically dehydrated, you are at increased risk of developing kidney stones. If you drink sufficient amounts of water you may prevent kidney stones, but drinking large amounts of water in excess of your body needs may not have any further benefits.
    How much water do you need to drink per day?
    Healthy, sedentary adults living in moderate climates may need 1.2 to 3.7 liters of water per day from beverages and foods combined. Active individuals in hot climates may need up to 10 liters of water per day.

    The most reliable method to check if you are well hydrated is to weigh yourself. Once, when you know you are well hydrated, which means you have no symptoms of dehydration, weigh yourself in the morning after urinating and emptying your bowel and before breakfast. You can then consider your measured weigh as your normal body weight. Next time you want to check if you are well hydrated, weigh yourself in the morning in the same conditions and in same clothes as the first time; if your body weight is more than 1% lower than the first time, you are probably dehydrated.

    A simpler and quicker, but less reliable, method is to check your "skin turgor," that is your skin elasticity. Pinch and pull up the skin on the back of the hand (between the index and thumb) and release it. When you are well hydrated, the skin fold should flatten immediately (in less than 0.5 seconds) and when you are dehydrated, the skin fold may need more than a second to flatten.

    Electrolytes

    Electrolyte Replacement Tablets - Help to Prevent Muscle Cramps and Heat Prostration due to Excessive Perspiration. Electrolyte Tablets are available in convenient two packs.

    • When a person sweats, small amounts of electrolytes – the electrically charged minerals sodium, potassium, chloride, and magnesium – are lost from the body along with water.
    • Electrolytes are chemical substances which, when dissolved or lost in sweat, are missing the electrically charged particles or ions. These ions are necessary for cellular metabolism, for intra- and extra-cellular chemical balance, and for assisting in the neuro-metabolic expenditure of caloric energy.
    • Basically, many normal bodily functions are dependent on these substances. As important as the fuel you consume and the water you drink during exercise is a consistent replenishment of electrolytes. Regular body functions, and performance performance, are severely compromised if adequate levels of electrolytes are not present, especially in the heat and/or when physical activity continues over prolonged periods of time.
    • To replenish lost electrolytes, a person ordinarily needs only to eat a regular diet that meets energy and nutrient needs. In extreme or demanding activities, electrolyte replacements may be needed.

    Electrolytes tablets to prevent muscle cramps and heat prostration due to excessive sweating...H2O (2)

  • Allergic Reactions Information and Treatment

    Image of person using Epinephrin penAllergic Reaction Signs: Difficulty breathing including wheezing, swollen face, lips and tongue, hives, and/or red, itchy, swollen skin around area of reaction.

    Treatment

    • Call 9-1-1 or EMS (Emergency Medical Services) immediately!
    • Keep the casualty calm, quiet and relaxed in a lying or sitting position.
    • If the casualty is experiencing an asthma attack, ask if he/she has a prescribed inhaler. If so, assist him/her in accessing and self-administering the inhaler.
    • If the casualty is experiencing a severe allergic reaction to a known allergen, he/she may have an auto-injector or EPI-pen (Epinephrine Pen) prescribed by a doctor. Assist him/her in accessing and self-administering the EPI-pen, if they have one.
    • If it is obvious what the substance causing the allergic reaction is and this substance is safely obtainable, give it to Emergency Medical Personnel.
    • If the casualty stops breathing, begin CPR immediately!

    Also read Signs and Symptoms of Poisoning

    Content excerpted from the Urgent First Aid Guide used by permission Copyright 2013 UrgentFirstAid.com
    All Rights Reserved. Get a full copy of the First Aid Guide for under $1!

  • Don't put all your Eggs in one Basket!

    We wish you each a Happy Easter, and remind you that safety begins with you- don't depend upon other and make you own plans for disaster preparedness, safety and emergency first aid.

    eggs-in-1-basket

  • Zika and Pregnancy

    We've shared information about the Zika Virus in general, and have a page dedicated to Zika Facts and Information for all to understand this virus, risks, and learn about Zika Prevention and get updates.

    What about ZIka and Pregnant Women?

    pregnancy-buttonIt is very important the pregnant women (or women that may become pregnant) know first that ZIka can be spread sexually, and secondly that Zika virus can be spread from a pregnant woman to her fetus and has been linked to a serious birth defect of the brain called microcephaly in babies of mothers who had Zika virus while pregnant.

    Some other problems have been detected among fetuses and infants infected with Zika virus before birth as well, including poorly developed or completely absent brain structures, underdeveloped hearing, eye malformation, and stunted growth.

    The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention recommends special precautions for pregnant women.

    ? Women who are pregnant should not travel to areas with Zika.

    ? If you must travel to one of these areas, talk to your healthcare provider first and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during your trip.

    What CDC & Who recommend:

    ? Use condoms during intercourse

    ? Use insect repellent to avoid mosquito bites

    ? Treat your clothing with special spray designed to kill mosquitoes before they reach your skin.

    zika-pregnancy-infographic

     

     

  • More on Insect Bites and Stings

    With the current concerns about Zika, there is a greater focus on insect bites and stings. Primarily, of course, this is centered around insect repellents and mosquitoes.

    We've talked about treating the bite, and General Care of Bites and Stings... With Spring upon us, and outdoors beckoning, we though we would share what the American Red Cross says:

    INSECT BITES AND STINGS

    What to look for:

    • Stringer may be present
    • Pain
    • Swelling
    • Possible allergic reactions

     

    What to do:

    • Remove stringer:
    • If bee sting, remove it by scraping away with a flat surface like a credit card.
    • Otherwise, try to remove with
    • Wash wound
    • Cover with dressing.
    • Apply ice or a cold pack.
    • Watch for signals of severe allergic reaction.

    InsectSPIDER BITES/SCORPION STINGS

    What to look for:

    • Bite mark
    • Swelling
    • Pain
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Trouble breathing or swallowing.

     

    What to do:

    • Wash wound
    • Apply antibiotic ointment if available or cream (if no known allergies or sensitives).
    • Cover with gauze.
    • Apply ice or a cold pack.
    • CALL 9-1-1 or the local emergency number.
  • General Care of Bites and Stings

    Image of mosquito biting fleshGeneral care of bites and stings:

    • Immediately wash the bite or sting with soap and water if available, or use antiseptic wipes if soap and water are not available.
    • Put an ice pack on the affected area with a cloth barrier between the ice and skin. If treating a bee sting, remove the stinger first (see below).
    • Never attempt to suck out any venom or poison with your mouth!
    • Never apply a tourniquet.
    • Do not use folk remedies or unproven treatments to care for the casualty.
    • Do not give the casualty caffeinated drinks, alcohol, or aspirin.

    insectrepellents-animatedInsect Repellent & Relief for avoiding biting and stinging pests and first aid treatment if they get you!

    Insect Sting Relief Pads & After Bite®. We offer several bite and sting relief first aid treatments for people with and without allergies to bee and wasp stings. Bite Relief for Ants, Chiggers, and more in Applicators & Sting Relief Towelettes. We even offer cool new After Bite for Kids! Don't scratch and whine... Treat Insect Bites and get on with your day!

    Ben's DEET, Natrapel DEET-Free & BugX Insect Repellents + After Bite Relief & Sting Pads! Bug Bite Treatment & Insect Sting Relief

    When do most people think about applying Insect Repellent? AFTER they've been bitten! Be sure to stock up on Insect Sting Relief as well as Bug Repellent! Insect Repellant & Bug Repellent Pumps and continuous spray. Wasp & Hornet Spray, Bite Relief with Applicator & Repellent Towelettes / Wipes. Protect from Asian Tiger Mosquito, Dengue, Yellow Fever, West Nile and more.

    ALSO SEE: Anti-Itch Cream, Itch Cream & Cleanser , Insect Repellents & Poison Ivy Block NEW! Read about First Aid for Bites & Stings!

    ? The CDC recommends avoiding Mosquito bites as the best solution available at present for the Dengue problem. Read more about Dengue from CDC & WHO

    Content excerpted from the Urgent First Aid Guide used by permission Copyright 2013 UrgentFirstAid.com
    All Rights Reserved. Get a full copy of the First Aid Guide for under $1!

  • Poison Prevention Week

    This is National Poison Prevention Week - a few reminders about the dangers of poisoning and how to deal with a poisoning emergency. Remember that while we often think of a child ingesting something the should not as "poisoning", there are in fact many forms of poisoning, and you should learn about them all:

    » Signs and Symptoms of Poisoning

    » Treating Swallowed / Ingested Poisons

    » What to do: Convulsions from Poisoning

    » Chemical Burns & Skin Exposure to Chemical Poisons

    » Inhaled Poisons (smoke, chemical or gas fumes)

    » Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

    As far as accidental poisoning and children, learn about the up, away, and out of sight campaign:

    Poisoning-UP-and-AWAY

  • Spring Break

    Spring means travel for those on Spring break and many families as well.

    Travel-First-Aid-2Illness or injury can ruin a trip, so whenever you travel away from home, it is essential that you have a Travel first aid kit. Make sure you have all the resources you need to stay healthy -- or in the case of a bump or bruise, to make sure you can administer self-care and get back to exploring. Too many travelers assume the over-the-counter medications and first aid supplies we find in any drug store will be available on their journeys - this is often not the case, so bring a first aid kit specifically designed for traveling! To enable you to cope if a more significant health problem interrupts your travels, your first aid kit should also contain items to help you treat injuries and reduce symptoms of illness for a period of time until you can get further medical attention. See our Travel Safety Kits and Travel First Aid Medical Kits - also, don't miss the Dental Medic Kit (a must for travelers) and the Suture Syringe kit. Also see Travel Kits for Pets!

    • As winter’s hold weakens, many Americans are preparing for spring break travel.
    • If you’re planning to travel this spring, visit the CDC Travelers' Health webpage for important health information about your destination.
    • Learn about Travel Safety
    • To stay healthy and safe when traveling, follow these steps to be proactive, prepared, and protected.

  • Spring

    Yay! Spring! Winter is over - Summer is coming! Leap for Joy! Run, Frolic... Playspring-leap

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