ANSI Z308.1-2015 Standard Minimum Requirements  Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies - Buy new ANSI Kits
ANSI Z308.1-2015 Standard Minimum Requirements Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies - Buy new ANSI Kits

Fire Safety & Evacuation

  • Avoid the “Invisible Killer”

    Breathe easy this winter and avoid carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning.

    CO is called the “Invisible Killer” because it's a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas. According to the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA), more than 150 people in the United States die every year from accidental nonfire-related CO poisoning associated with consumer products, including generators. Other products include faulty, improperly-used or incorrectly-vented fuel-burning appliances such as furnaces, stoves, water heaters, and fireplaces.safety_tips_co_alarms.1200x900

    Protect your family from CO poisoning with these USFA tips:

    • Install and maintain CO alarms in a central location outside each separate sleeping area and on every level of your home to provide early warning of CO.
    • Use portable generators outdoors in well-ventilated areas away from all doors, windows, and vents.
    • Make sure vents for the dryer, furnace, stove, and fireplace are clear of snow and other debris.

    Home fires are more prevalent in winter than in any other season. This is due in part to an increase in cooking and heating fires. Holiday decorations and winter storms that can interrupt electrical service and cause people to turn to alternative heating sources also contribute to the increased risk of fire in winter. Winter fires can be prevented! The following video can help you maintain a fire-safe home this winter season.

    Learn the symptoms of CO poisoning and other CO safety information on the USFA Carbon Monoxide Safety page.

    What is carbon monoxide?

    Carbon monoxide, also known as CO, is called the “Invisible Killer” because it's a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas. More than 150 people in the Unites States die every year from accidental nonfire-related CO poisoning associated with consumer products, including generators. Other products include faulty, improperly-used or incorrectly-vented fuel-burning appliances such as furnaces, stoves, water heaters and fireplaces. Source: Consumer Product Safety Commission

    Know the symptoms of CO poisoning

    Source: Consumer Product Safety Commission

    Because CO is odorless, colorless, and otherwise undetectable to the human senses, people may not know that they are being exposed. The initial symptoms of low to moderate CO poisoning are similar to the flu (but without the fever). They include:

    • Headache
    • Fatigue
    • Shortness of breath
    • Nausea
    • Dizziness

    High level CO poisoning results in progressively more severe symptoms, including:

    • Mental confusion
    • Vomiting
    • Loss of muscular coordination
    • Loss of consciousness
    • Ultimately death
  • Fires & Wildfire

    Wildfire_7

     Evacuation & Fire Safety Equipment Emergency Evacuation & Fire Supplies: FIRE! Nobody wants to hear this, but if you do; Are You Ready? Everyone knows you need Fire Extinguishers and Smoke/CO2 Alarms, but what about Fire Resistant Document Bags, Escape ladders for exiting a burning building during a fire or other catastrophe, fire blankets, burn kits and supplies, or even Fire and Evacuation Safety training materials? Fire is the most common disaster to strike... are you and your loved ones ready? Fire Safety & Evacuation Supplies + Smoke & Carbon Monoxide Alarms, escape hoods and More!
    Evacuation & Fire Safety Equipment
    Emergency Evacuation & Fire Supplies: FIRE! Nobody wants to hear this, but if you do; Are You Ready? Everyone knows you need Fire Extinguishers and Smoke/CO2 Alarms, but what about Fire Resistant Document Bags, Escape ladders for exiting a burning building during a fire or other catastrophe, fire blankets, burn kits and supplies, or even Fire and Evacuation Safety training materials? Fire is the most common disaster to strike... are you and your loved ones ready?
    Fire Safety & Evacuation Supplies + Smoke & Carbon Monoxide Alarms, escape hoods and More!

    While house fires happen most often between Halloween and the New Year (due to heaters, candles, and decorative lights) and Wildfires are generally a Summer to early Autumn concern… either can happen at any time. Be sure that you and your family or co-workers know basic fire safety principles; the common causes of fires, the importance of good housekeeping, how to prevent office, home and wildfires… and how to use a fire extinguisher. Know your fire escape plans at home, work, and school. Conduct drills, and find out what your community’s evacuation routes are depending upon location and direction of a wildfire. Smoke is a major killer in fires. Have escape hoods or protective masks and stay low when escaping a fire. Whether for business or personal fire preparedness, protect important documents with fire bags, and do not delay in protecting your irreplaceable family photos and quintessentially important inventory (insurance) photos of property by backing up digital copies of all these far away from the originals… like in the cloud.

    Read more: Wildfire • Fireworks Safety • Fire • Campfire Safety • Fire Safety & Extinguishers • The Fire Triangle • Types of Fire Extinguishers • Ring of Fire • Make a Fire Escape Plan • Drill

  • Wildfire

    Are you ready for Wildfire?

    Wildfires kill 30 people, destroy 2,800 homes and burn more than seven million acres on average, per year. Be prepared, aware and act early if a wildfire comes your way. Drier conditions can fuel wildfires. Be Ready, Be Firewise.

    Wildfire_20

  • Fire

    In most cases, a fire should be your signal to quickly evacuate the building via the quickest and safest route.  If, however, a fire can be easily extinguished, it can significantly reduce the risk of injury and property damage.

     

    Be aware of fire extinguisher locations, and know how to use them. In the workplace, fire extinguishers are usually located near the stairwells.  Most extinguishers sold today are “ABC” class.  This means they are designed to extinguish:

    A – Combustibles, paper, wood, trash,

    B – Hydrocarbons, oils, greases, and

    C – Electrical fires.

    See our Fire Prevention & Safety Training Materials! See our Fire Prevention & Safety Training Materials!

    Examine the extinguisher prior to an emergency:

    • Determine if it is an ABC class extinguisher,
    • Check the pressure gauge,
    • Check the safety pin and connector,
    • Check the hose for cracks,
    • Check to see the date of the last inspection or charging.

    To operate an extinguisher:

    P – Pull the Pin

    A – Aim the Nozzle

    S – Squeeze the Handle

    S – Sweep Side to Side

  • Fire Safety & Extinguishers

    Fire - one of the most devastating emergencies, and a year-round risk.

    emergency-exitEvery Company should have a full complement of the proper type of fire extinguisher for the fire hazards present. All fire extinguishers should be inspected annually by a fire protection equipment company and tagged with the date of inspection. If a fire extinguisher is used or discharged for any reason, it should be removed from service and replaced with another properly charged fire extinguisher while it is being recharged.

    Employees who are expected or anticipated to use fire extinguishers should be instructed on the hazards of fighting fires, how to properly operate the fire extinguishers available, and what procedures to follow in alerting others to the fire emergency. These employees should only attempt to extinguish small incipient fires. If a fire cannot be immediately and easily extinguished with a fire extinguisher, the employees should evacuate the building.  They should not try to fight the fire!  All employees who are not trained and designated to fight fires should immediately evacuate the premises at the first sign of  fire or initiation of the fire alarm and should be prohibited from using an extinguisher or re-entering the premises until declared safe by fire professionals.

    Rules for Fighting a Fire

    (First learn about the Fire Triangle & Fire Extinguishers)

    Fires can be very dangerous and you should always be certain that you will not endanger yourself or others when attempting to put out a fire. For this reason, when a fire is discovered:

    • Assist any person in immediate danger to safety, if it can be accomplished without risk to yourself.
    • Activate the building fire alarm system or notify the fire department by dialing 911 (or designating someone else to notify them for you). When you activate the building fire alarm system, it will automatically notify the fire department and get help on the way. It will also sound the building alarms to notify other occupants, and it will shut down the air handling units to prevent the spread of smoke throughout the building.
    • Only after having done these two things, if the fire is small, you may attempt to use an extinguisher to put it out.

    NEVER FIGHT A FIRE IF:

    You don't know what is burning. If you don't know what is burning, you don't know what type of extinguisher to use. Even if you have an ABC extinguisher, there may be something in the fire which is going to explode or produce highly toxic smoke. Chances are, you will know what's burning, or at least have a pretty good idea, but if you don't, let the fire department handle it.

    The fire is spreading rapidly beyond the spot where it started. The time to use an extinguisher is in the incipient, or beginning, stages of a fire. If the fire is already spreading quickly, it is best to simple evacuate the building, closing doors and windows behind you as you leave.

    Do Not Fight the Fire If:

    You don't have adequate or appropriate equipment. If you don't have the correct type or large enough extinguisher, it is best not to try to fight the fire.

    You might inhale toxic smoke. If the fire is producing large amounts of smoke that you would have to breathe in order to fight it, it is best not to try. Any sort of combustion will produce some amount of carbon monoxide, but when synthetic materials such as the nylon in carpeting or foam padding in a sofa burn, they can produce highly toxic gases such as hydrogen cyanide, acrolein, and ammonia in addition to carbon monoxide. These gases can be fatal in very small amounts.

    Your instincts tell you not to. If you are uncomfortable with the situation for any reason, just let the fire department do their job.

    The final rule is to always position yourself with an exit or means of escape at your back before you attempt to use an extinguisher to put out a fire. In case the extinguisher malfunctions, or something unexpected happens, you need to be able to get out quickly, and you don't want to become trapped. Just remember, always keep an exit at your back.

    How to Use a Fire Extinguisher

    It's easy to remember how to use a fire extinguisher if you can remember the acronym PASS, which stands for Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and Sweep.

    Pull the Pin.

    This will allow you to discharge the extinguisher.

    Aim at the base of the fire.

    If you aim at the flames (which is frequently the temptation), the extinguishing agent will fly right through and do no good. You want to hit the fuel.

    Squeeze the top handle or lever.

    This depresses a button that releases the pressurized extinguishing agent in the extinguisher.

    Sweep from side to side

    until the fire is completely out. Start using the extinguisher from a safe distance away, then move forward. Once the fire is out, keep an eye on the area in case it re-ignites.

    If any employee discovers a fire or smoke, and the employee cannot put out the fire immediately, the employee should immediately pull the nearest fire alarm box or follow whatever fire alarm procedure is in place.

    If a fire alarm sounds or a fire is otherwise announced, all employees (except those designated and trained to use fire extinguishers) are expected to immediately exit the premises by proceeding to the nearest exit in an orderly fashion. If the nearest exit is blocked by fire or smoke, the employees should proceed to an alternate exit. There should be no running, shouting, pushing, etc. A calm orderly evacuation is the safest for all concerned.Fire_Exit

  • The Fire Triangle

    Fire_triangleIn order to understand how fire extinguishers work, you first need to know a little bit about fire. Four things must be present at the same time in order to produce fire:

    • Enough oxygen to sustain combustion,
    • Enough heat to raise the material to its ignition temperature,
    • Some sort of fuel or combustible material, and
    • The chemical, exothermic reaction that is fire.

    Oxygen, heat, and fuel are frequently referred to as the "fire triangle." Add in the fourth element, the chemical reaction, and you actually have a fire "tetrahedron." The important thing to remember is: take any of these four things away, and you will not have a fire or the fire will be extinguished.

    Get your home fire safety and evacuation ready! Get your home fire safety and evacuation ready!

    Essentially, fire extinguishers put out fire by taking away one or more elements of the fire triangle/tetrahedron.

    Fire safety, at its most basic, is based upon the principle of keeping fuel sources and ignition sources separate.

    Fire Extinguishers - OSHA Safety Training: Among all the safety problems an employee can encounter, fire can be the most frightening. Every year fires cause hundreds of millions of dollars in damage and result in thousands of employee injuries, a number of which are fatal. Yet many of these catastrophes could have been prevented if the fire had been extinguished before it started to spread.

    Classifications of Fuels

    Not all fuels are the same, and if you use the wrong type of fire extinguisher on the wrong type of fuel, you can, in fact, make matters worse. It is therefore very important to understand the four different classifications of fuel.

    Class A - Wood, paper, cloth, trash, plastics.  Solid combustible materials that are not metals.

    Class B - Flammable liquids: gasoline, oil, grease, acetone.  Any non-metal in a liquid state, on fire.

    Class C - Electrical: energized electrical equipment.  As long as it's "plugged in," it would be considered a class C fire.

    Class D - Metals: potassium, sodium, aluminum, magnesium
    Unless you work in a laboratory or in an industry that uses these materials, it is unlikely you'll have to deal with a Class D fire. It takes special extinguishing agents (Metal-X, foam) to fight such a fire.

    Fire Extinguishers & Fire Prevention - OSHA Safety Training:

    Our training products on "Using Fire Extinguishers" look at why things burn, review the types of fire extinguishers that are found in facilities today, and discuss how to use fire extinguishers to fight small fires. Topics covered in these products include:

    • What causes things to burn.
    • The concept of "flashpoint".
    • "Classes" of fires.
    • Fire extinguisher labels.
    • Chemical fire extinguishers.
    • Water fire extinguishers.
    • How to use a fire extinguisher.
    • and more.

    Fire Prevention - Office, Industrial & Healthcare Environments - OSHA Safety Training: Among all the safety problems an employee can encounter, fire can be the most frightening. Every year fires in businesses and healthcare facilities cause millions of dollars in damage and result in hundreds of injuries, a number of which are fatal. Yet many employees do not realize how their own actions, or inactions, can contribute to the risk of fire.

    See our Fire Prevention & Safety Training Materials! See our Fire Prevention & Safety Training Materials!

    Our training products on "Fire Prevention" look at how fires start, review steps that can be taken to help prevent fires and discuss what employees should do in case of a fire emergency. Topics covered in these products include:

    • Common causes of fires.
    • Preventing fires.
    • The concept of "flashpoint".
    • "Classes" of fires.
    • Fire extinguishers.
    • Handling flammable materials.
    • Evacuation and other employee responsibilities.
    • First aid.
    • and more.

    Learn about Fire Prevention, Fire Suppression and Fire Extinguisher use. Get a Quote for a Class:
    Fire Extinguishers and/or Fire Prevention Live Instruction Training Courses at YOUR Location

  • Types of Fire Extinguishers

    Which type of Fire Extinguisher is right for the job? How do you know what type it is?

    Most fire extinguishers will have a pictograph label telling which fuels the extinguisher is designed to fight.

    Fire-ABC

    Different types of fire extinguishers are designed to fight different classes of fire. The three most common types of fire extinguishers are:

    • Water (APW) Extinguishers
    • Carbon Dioxide Extinguisher, and
    • Dry Chemical Extinguishers

    Water (APW) Extinguishers

    APWs are designed for Class A (wood, paper, cloth) fires only.

    Never use water to extinguish flammable liquid fires. Water is extremely ineffective at extinguishing this type of fire, and you may, in fact, spread the fire if you try to use water on it.

    Never use water to extinguish an electrical fire. Water is a good conductor, and there is some concern for electrocution if you were to use water to extinguish an electrical fire. Electrical equipment must be unplugged and/or de-energized before using a water extinguisher on it.

    APWs extinguish fire by taking away the "heat" element of the fire triangle. APWs are generally found in older buildings, particularly in public hallways.

    Carbon Dioxide (CO2 ) Extinguishers

    Carbon Dioxide extinguishers are filled with non-flammable carbon dioxide gas under extreme pressure. You can recognize a CO2 extinguisher by its hard horn and lack of pressure gauge. The pressure in the cylinder is so great that when you use one of these extinguishers, bits of dry ice may shoot out the horn.

    CO2 cylinders are red and range in size from 5 lbs to 100 lbs or larger. In the larger sizes, the hard horn will be located on the end of a long, flexible hose.

    CO2’s are designed for Class B and C
    (flammable liquid and electrical) fires only
    .

    Carbon Dioxide is a non-flammable gas that extinguishes fire by displacing oxygen, or taking away the oxygen element of the fire triangle. The carbon dioxide is also very cold as it comes out of the extinguisher, so it cools the fuel as well. CO2’s may be ineffective at extinguishing Class A fires because they may not be able to displace enough oxygen to successfully put the fire out. Class A materials may also smolder and re-ignite. CO2’s will frequently be found in laboratories, mechanical rooms, kitchens, and flammable liquid storage areas.

    FireExtinguisherABCDry Chemical Extinguishers

    Dry Chemical Extinguishers come in a variety of types. You may see them labeled:

    • "DC" short for "dry chem"
    • "ABC" indicating that they are designed to extinguish class A,B,and C fires, or
    • "BC" indicating that they are designed to extinguish class B and C fires.

    "ABC" fire extinguishers are filled with a fine yellow powder. The greatest portion of this powder is composed of mono-ammonium phosphate. Nitrogen is used to pressurize the extinguishers.

    ABC extinguishers are red and range in size from 5 lbs. to 20 lbs.

    It is extremely important to identify which types of dry chemical extinguishers are located in your area. Read the labels and know their locations! You don't want to mistakenly use a "BC" extinguisher on a Class A fire, thinking that it was an "ABC" extinguisher.

    Dry chemical extinguishers put out fire by coating the fuel with a thin layer of dust, separating the fuel from the oxygen in the air. The powder also works to interrupt the chemical reaction of fire, so these extinguishers are extremely effective at putting out fire.

    These extinguishers will be found in a variety of locations. New buildings will have them located in public hallways. They may also be found in laboratories, mechanical rooms, break rooms, chemical storage areas, offices, university vehicles, etc.

    Dry chemical extinguishers with powder designed for Class B and C fires may be located in places such as commercial kitchens or areas with flammable liquids.

  • Weather Ready Nation

    Having been formally recognized by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for improving the nation’s readiness, responsiveness, and overall resilience against extreme weather, water, and climate events, First Aid Product,com strives to continue its efforts to share safety tips, weather readiness ideas, and preparedness plans to help our readers stay Weather Ready.

    Storm, Weather, and Emergency Survival Tips

    • Tip #1: Prepare your car before you prepare your home. Learn Why...
    • Tip #2: Eat food in your freezer after the food in your refrigerator. Learn Why...
    • Tip #3: Do not flush your toilets (Yet). Learn Why...
    • Tip #4: Change your flashlight and emergency radio batteries every time you adjust your clocks (daylight savings and standard time). Learn Why...

    NOAA’s Weather-Ready Nation is about building community resilience in the face of increasing vulnerability to extreme weather and water events.

    Record-breaking snowfall, cold temperatures, extended drought, high heat, severe flooding, violent tornadoes, and massive hurricanes have all combined to reach the greatest number of multi-billion dollar weather disasters in the nation’s history.
    The devastating impacts of extreme events can be reduced through improved readiness, which is why the Weather-Ready Nation initiative is so important. Through operational initiatives, NOAA’s National Weather Service is transforming its operations to help America respond. In the end, emergency managers, first responders, government officials, businesses and the public will be empowered to make fast, smart decisions to save lives and livelihoods.

    As a WRN Ambassador, we work with NOAA and other Ambassadors to strengthen national resilience against extreme weather. Our joint goal is to help make the nation more ready, responsive, and resilient against extreme environmental hazards.

    Weather-Ready Nation (WRN) is a strategic outcome where society’s response should be equal to the risk from all extreme weather, water, and climate hazards.

    Building a Weather-Ready Nation requires more than government alone. It requires the entire Weather Enterprise to provide information for better community, business, and personal decision making, and innovative partnerships across all segments of society. We must involve everyone in an effort to move people – and society – toward heeding warnings, taking action, and influencing their circles of family, friends, and social network to act appropriately.

    We invite you to get Weather Ready and help your friends, family, neighbors and co-workers to consider the importance of doing the same!

  • Make a Fire Escape Plan

    More than 15,925 people were injured by fire in the United States in 2013, according to the U.S. Fire Administration. If a fire breaks out in your home, you may have as little as two minutes to safely escape once the alarm sounds.

    When fire strikes, deadly smoke can fill your home within minutes. That's why we want you to plan and practice home fire drills. Watch this 30 second video for life-saving tips on how to make a home fire escape plan.

    safety_tips_escape_plan.Planning can help protect you, your family, and your home when seconds count. Here are a few steps to help keep your family fire safe:

    • Check that all smoke alarms are working properly;
    • Make a map of your home and mark all windows and doors through which you may escape;
    • Choose a meeting place outside the home where firefighters can see you and your family;
    • Write the emergency telephone number for your fire department on your escape plan;
    • Practice your fire escape drill; and
    • Keep your fire escape plan in a common area where everyone can see it, i.e. refrigerator.

    For more information about protecting your family and developing a fire escape plan, check out the home fire escape materials from the U.S. Fire Administration.

    Handouts to share in your community

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