ANSI Z308.1-2015 Standard Minimum Requirements  Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies - Buy new ANSI Kits
ANSI Z308.1-2015 Standard Minimum Requirements Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies - Buy new ANSI Kits

Medications & Illness

  • How Excessive Heat Impacts Worker Safety

    Excessive heat in the workplace is a very real hazard. In 2014, 18 U.S. workers lost their lives because of overheating. Over 2,600 more suffered heat-related illness. As heartbreaking as these statistics are, it’s even more tragic when you realize that in all probability, most or all of these casualties could have been prevented.

    Keeping cool at work isn’t just a matter of comfort. Let’s take a look at workplace heat exposure, how it affects workers, and how heat injury on the job can be avoided.

    What Is Heat Illness?
    The human body is designed to maintain a constant internal temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. When a person’s environment gets too warm, his or her body reacts by trying to cool down through sweating and increased blood circulation (higher heart rate). Prolonged and/or unrelieved exposure to heat (especially when the air is humid or still) can overwhelm the body and cause these coping mechanisms to fail or to become dangerously excessive. When this happens, the person will experience one or more of the following heat-related illnesses:

    • Heat rash
    • Heat cramps
    • Heat exhaustion
    • Heat stroke

     

    Electrolyte Replacement Tablets - Help to Prevent Muscle Cramps and Heat Prostration due to Excessive Perspiration. Electrolyte Tablets are available in convenient two packs. When a person sweats, small amounts of electrolytes – the electrically charged minerals sodium, potassium, chloride, and magnesium – are lost from the body along with water. Electrolytes are chemical substances which, when dissolved or lost in sweat, are missing the electrically charged particles or ions. These ions are necessary for cellular metabolism, for intra- and extra-cellular chemical balance, and for assisting in the neuro-metabolic expenditure of caloric energy. Basically, many normal bodily functions are dependent on these substances. As important as the fuel you consume and the water you drink during exercise is a consistent replenishment of electrolytes. Regular body functions, and performance performance, are severely compromised if adequate levels of electrolytes are not present, especially in the heat and/or when physical activity continues over prolonged periods of time. To replenish lost electrolytes, a person ordinarily needs only to eat a regular diet that meets energy and nutrient needs. In extreme or demanding activities, electrolyte replacements may be needed. Electrolyte Replacement Tablets - Help to Prevent Muscle Cramps and Heat Prostration due to Excessive Perspiration. Electrolyte Tablets are available in convenient two packs.
    When a person sweats, small amounts of electrolytes – the electrically charged minerals sodium, potassium, chloride, and magnesium – are lost from the body along with water.
    Electrolytes are chemical substances which, when dissolved or lost in sweat, are missing the electrically charged particles or ions. These ions are necessary for cellular metabolism, for intra- and extra-cellular chemical balance, and for assisting in the neuro-metabolic expenditure of caloric energy.
    Basically, many normal bodily functions are dependent on these substances. As important as the fuel you consume and the water you drink during exercise is a consistent replenishment of electrolytes. Regular body functions, and performance performance, are severely compromised if adequate levels of electrolytes are not present, especially in the heat and/or when physical activity continues over prolonged periods of time.
    To replenish lost electrolytes, a person ordinarily needs only to eat a regular diet that meets energy and nutrient needs. In extreme or demanding activities, electrolyte replacements may be needed.

    Heat-related symptoms range from mild to life threatening and may include cramping, fatigue, nausea and/or vomiting, headaches, confusion, dizziness, fainting, sweating, hot or cold and clammy skin, skin rash, agitation or anxiety, excessive thirst, bloody stool or urine, excessively fast or slow heart rate, fever, delirium, loss of consciousness and/or convulsions.

    Affected persons should be treated immediately with the appropriate first aid for heat illness. Treatments vary according to the type and severity of heat illness, but may include removing the person to a cool location, giving him or her fluids, and helping him or her cool down with the aid of fans, cool compresses and other similar measures.

    What Workplace Conditions Contribute to Heat Illness?
    In addition to temperature, contributing factors to heat illness include high humidity and lack of air movement. These things hinder the body’s ability to shed excess heat through evaporative cooling.

    Workplace conditions that are red flags for potential heat illness include working in or near:

    o Heat-generating machinery or hot pipes
    o High-humidity areas
    o Areas with still or stagnant air
    o Areas where outside heat comes inside
    o Higher level areas where heat is trapped, such as near the ceiling
    o Hot materials

    In addition, wearing protective gear can hinder the body’s ability to regulate heat, while working under heavy time or productivity pressure can cause workers to overexert themselves in a hot environment, putting them at greater risk for heat-related illness.

    How to Prevent Heat Illness in the Workplace
    Employers can minimize risk to their workers by utilizing the following checklist:

    Monitor heat and humidity levels and plan an alternate routine for hot and humid conditions.
    Keep workers hydrated. Make sure all employees have access to water and encourage them to take hydration breaks as needed.
    Provide adequate breaks and recovery time for employees who must work in warm conditions, especially those who are wearing personal protective equipment, on medication or have a previous history of heat-related illness.
    Adjust productivity expectations. Plan for a reasonable work pace that does not overtax the body in warm conditions.
    Acclimatize new workers.Give new hires shorter shifts and/or more frequent breaks to allow their bodies to get used to working in the heat.
    Rotate work shifts and/or locations to minimize heat exposure.
    Insulate hot water pipes and heating ducts to prevent heat loss into the workspace.
    Enclose or isolate hot machinery to keep your work areas cooler.
    Implement safety training. Make sure all employees know how to recognize heat-related symptoms and what to do if they appear.
    Provide proper ventilation and air flow. Make sure your HVAC is running properly, and add fans as necessary to create an evaporative cooling effect.

    Instant Cold Compresses Chemical Cold Packs / Instant Ice Packs / Instant Cold Compresses temporarily relieve minor pain and swelling for sprains, aches and sore joints. Our Instant Chemical Cold Packs are conveniently disposable with no pre-chilling required for quick, effective relief. Be sure to note the substantial savings when purchasing in bulk quantities - from just 28¢ per pack!. New Urea Cool Packs can be expressed shipped with no Hazmat fees, too - call Toll Free for questions or information. We Manufacture our own Instant Cold packs, so the savings go straight to you - see our instant ice packs at wholesale, when you buy bulk! Check out the COOL Kids Ice packs. Also see: Ice Wrap Reusable Hot & Cold Packs Heat Packs & Warmers NEW! Hot or Cold Pack? Learn When and How to use Cold for Injuries! Where else can you buy individual and boxed cold compresses & wholesale bulk instant cold packs from 28¢? Instant Cold Compresses
    Chemical Cold Packs / Instant Ice Packs / Instant Cold Compresses temporarily relieve minor pain and swelling for sprains, aches and sore joints. Our Instant Chemical Cold Packs are conveniently disposable with no pre-chilling required for quick, effective relief. Be sure to note the substantial savings when purchasing in bulk quantities - from just 28¢ per pack!. New Urea Cool Packs can be expressed shipped with no Hazmat fees, too - call Toll Free for questions or information. We Manufacture our own Instant Cold packs, so the savings go straight to you - see our instant ice packs at wholesale, when you buy bulk! Check out the COOL Kids Ice packs. Also see: Ice Wrap Reusable Hot & Cold Packs Heat Packs & Warmers NEW! Hot or Cold Pack? Learn When and How to use Cold for Injuries!
    Where else can you buy individual and boxed cold compresses & wholesale bulk instant cold packs from 28¢?

    Finally, if you hear complaints from your workers, take them seriously. Workers have a right to a safe workplace and may file a complaint with OSHA if they believe their employer is not adhering to heat safety standards. Adding a few fans or allowing an extra break for water is a small price to pay for keeping your employees healthy and happy, and your production line running smoothly despite the heat.

    Author bio: Nikki Heinkel is Marketing Manager for Go Fan Yourself, a company that manufactures patent-pending industrial high-volume, low-speed fans for spaces in need of an energy-efficient air movement solution such as warehousing, manufacturing, and agricultural and commercial facilities.

    LEARN MORE!

    Extreme Heat ??

    Do You Know the Signs of a Heat Stroke?

    Heat Stroke First Aid Treatment

    What is Heat Exhaustion?

    Treating Heat Exhaustion

    How do Hurricanes relate to Extreme Heat?

  • Achoo

    Achoo, Achoo, the cold’s got you… Oh no, Oh no, could it be Flu?
    When you feel the tug of seasonal bug… You need to know what to do.

    Here we are folks! Back at Cough, Cold, Allergy, and Flu Season. We’ve added 50 new products at your request to help you get your work, home, or school ready for seasonal ailments.
    Stock up early as we sell out of these single dose packets and popular remedies every year. Please call or email us with any questions, or just follow the links below to explore the best values in a broad selection of medicines, treatments, and prevention solutions.

    See All Our Cold and Cough Tablets
    Get Ready for Cold Season!

    Shop Now >

    Personal Protection Against Germs.
    See our Pandemic Protection Packs!

    Shop Now >

    Stay Warm & Toasty this Season.
    Check Out All Our Warmer Packs!

    Shop Now >

  • 1,000 US women positive for Zika

    While over 1,000 pregnant women have been diagnosed and having Zika virus in the US and US territories, this is still considered to be extremely rare - there's a lot of worry and hype, but as of yet, it is not a gret concern - although the CDC is recommending that all pregnant women get tested and follow precautions to avoid contracting the virus. Zika shows few, if any symptoms so medical diagnosis is the only way to assure a pregnant women does not have Zika. While there is no "cure" and treatments are symptimatic and paliative, early diagnosis is important as Zika can lead to parlysis and birth defects. Zika and Pregnancy

    When present, symptoms are mild and last less than a week. They include fever, rash, joint pain, and red eyes.

    More on Zika: Zika NewsZika PreventionZika – Facts and Prevention

    Download the PDF:Zika-PDF

  • Do You Know the Signs of a Heat Stroke?

    We've shared articles on What is Heat Stroke?, as well as Heat Stroke First Aid Treatment in the past, but now, as we see countless heat related injuries occuring aorund the nation, it is time for anu update.

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heat stroke occurs when the body is unable to regulate its temperature. The body's temperature rises rapidly, sweating mechanism fails, and the body is unable to cool down.

    Do you know the signs of heat stroke? While warning signs may vary, symptoms may include:

    • An extremely high body temperature (above 103 degrees Fahrenheit);
    • Red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating);
    • Rapid, strong pulse; and
    • Dizziness

    According to the CDC, if someone experiences signs of a heat stroke, have someone else call for immediate medical assistance while you begin cooling the person by:

    • Getting him or her to a shady area; and/or
    • Immersing the person in a tub of cool water, placing him or her in a cool shower, or spraying the person with cool water from a garden hose.

    Be sure to monitor the person’s body temperature, and continue cooling efforts until the body temperature drops to 101-102 degrees Fahrenheit. If emergency medical personnel are delayed, call the hospital emergency room for further instructions. Don’t give the victim fluids to drink.

    If emergency treatment isn’t provided, heat stroke can cause death or permanent disability. To learn more about this and other heat-related illnesses, read What is Heat Exhaustion?Treating Heat Exhaustion & Extreme Heat ??

    Extreme heat infographic

    View a full-sized image of the Extreme Heat Infographic. Share it on social media or print it out to post in your office, school, or home.

  • Zika Webinar

    In case you missed the FREE webinar Zika Virus – Implications for Pregnant Women on July 29th, The American Medical Association (AMA) is hosting a Zika Webinar today with the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)...

    zika-virusWebinar:            Preparing for Zika Transmission in the U.S.
    Date:                    Wednesday, August 10th, 2016
    Time:                   7–8 p.m. EDT
    Sign up:               Pre-register (at no cost) and view more details at https://cc.readytalk.com/r/u89qo24bddm1&eom

    Help ensure that you are prepared for Zika transmission. Please join CDC speakers Susan Hills, MBBS, MTH, and Kiran Perkins, MD, MPH, as they present…

    • The epidemiological and clinical aspects of the current Zika outbreak
    • Implications for pregnant women
    • CDC’s updated clinical guidance

    A question and answer session will follow.

    To prepare for the webinar, you may want to read these:

    ?    Zika News
    ?    More on Zika
    ?    Zika – Facts and Prevention
    ?    Mosquito Control: You Have Options
    ?    Zika Prevention – Good Morning America Features Natrapel
    ?    Zika and Pregnancy
    ?    Zika Virus Facts, Information, Prevention and Protection

  • Mosquito Control: You Have Options

    With all the news on Zika, we have sheared a lot on how to Prevent Mosquito Bites.

    It is important o stay up to date on Zika and Mosquitoes... Zika NewsZika and PregnancyMore on Zika - but most important - think of how you can keep mosquitoes away - not just from biting, but AWAY.

    Here are some tips from the CDC:

    a human hand pointing to the instructions on a can of insect repellentProtect yourself and your family from mosquito bites

    Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents with one of the following active ingredients. When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.

    A chart showing examples of insect repellents broken down by active ingredients and product brands that contain those ingredients. The first active ingredient listed is DEET. Some examples of brand name products containing DEET are OFF, Cutter, Sawyer, and Ultrathon. The second active ingredient listed is Picaridin, also know as KBR 3023, Bayrepel, and icardin. Some examples of brand name products containing Picaridin are Cutter Advanced, Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plus, and Autan, which is found outside the United States. The third active ingredient listed is Oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol. An example of a brand name product containing Oil of lemon eucalyptus is Repel. The fourth and final active ingredient listed is IR3535. Some examples of brand name products containing IR3535 are Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plus Expedition and SkinSmart.* Insect repellent brand names are provided for your information only. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services cannot recommend or endorse any name brand products.

    Tips for Everyone

    • Always follow the product label instructions.
    • Reapply insect repellent as directed.
      • Do not spray repellent on the skin under clothing.
      • If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen first and insect repellent second.

    Tips for Babies & Children

    an adult male applying insect repellent to a child's face

    • Always follow instructions when applying insect repellent to children.
    • Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months old.
    • Do not apply insect repellent onto a child’s hands, eyes, mouth, and cut or irritated skin.
      • Adults: Spray insect repellent onto your hands and then apply to a child’s face.
    • Do not use products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or para-menthane-diol (PMD) on children under 3 years old.

    Natural insect repellents (repellents not registered with EPA)

    • We do not know the effectiveness of non-EPA registered insect repellents, including some natural repellents.
    • To protect yourself against diseases like chikungunya, dengue, and Zika, CDC and EPA recommend using an EPA-registered insect repellent.
    • Choosing an EPA-registered repellent ensures the EPA has evaluated the product for effectiveness.
    • Visit the EPA website to learn more.

    a babies crib covered by a mosquito net

    2. Protect your baby or child

    • Dress your child in clothing that covers arms and legs.
    • Cover crib, stroller, and baby carrier with mosquito netting.

    a bottle of insect repellent shown spraying clothing

    3. Treat clothing and gear

    • Treat items, such as boots, pants, socks, and tents, with permethrin or buy permethrin-treated clothing and gear.
      • Permethrin-treated clothing will protect you after multiple washings. See product information to find out how long the protection will last.
      • If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions.
      • Do not use permethrin products directly on skin.

    a mosquito protected house

    4. Take steps to control mosquitoes inside and outside your home

    • Use screens on windows and doors. Repair holes in screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
    • Use air conditioning when available.
    • Once a week, empty and scrub, turn over, cover, or throw out items that hold water, such as tires, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpots, or trash containers. Check inside and outside your home. Mosquitoes lay eggs near water.
  • FREE webinar today: Zika Virus - Implications for Pregnant Women

    Help ensure you are prepared to handle Zika! Join featured speaker, CDC medical epidemiologist Evelyn Rodriguez, MD, MPH, MBA, as she

    • Evelyn RodriguezLists the ways pregnant women can become infected with the Zika virus.
    • Describes CDC recommendations for testing pregnant women with possible exposure.
    • Describes CDC recommendations for testing of couples who are interested in conceiving and who live in an area with Zika.
    • Describes the implications of Zika virus infection.
    • Identifies the cases that meet criteria for inclusion in the US Zika Pregnancy Registry.

    CE is available! There are no fees for CE.

    Webinar:      Zika Virus - Implications for Pregnant Women

    Date:              Thursday, July 28th, 2016

    Time:             2–3 p.m. EDT

    Sign up:         Pre-register (at no cost) and view the detailed agenda at https://cc.readytalk.com/r/kt1r39rndaxy&eom

    For the latest information from CDC on Zika virus visit: http://www.cdc.gov/zika/index.html

    ?  Zika News
    ?  Zika in the USA: Not Travel Related???
    ?  Zika and Pregnancy
    ?  Zika – Facts and Prevention
    ?  More on Zika
    ?  Zika Prevention – Good Morning America Features Natrapel

  • Zika Tweet

    Time for some Zika updates, and an invitation to join the Zika Tweet tomorrow....

    ?   Zika News
    ?   More on Zika
    ?   Zika and Pregnancy
    ?   Zika – Facts and Prevention
    ?   Zika in the USA: Not Travel Related???
    ?   Zika Prevention – Good Morning America Features Natrapel

    CDC Issues Updated Zika Recommendations: Interim Guidance for healthcare providers caring for pregnant women with possible exposure to Zika virus; Interim Guidance for the prevention of sexually transmitted Zika virus

    CDC today issued updated guidance and information to prevent Zika virus transmission and health effects:

    • Updated interim guidance for healthcare providers caring for pregnant women with possible exposure to Zika virus; and
    • Updated interim guidance for the prevention of sexually transmitted Zika virus.

    CDC updates its interim guidance related to Zika virus transmission and related health effects based on the accumulating evidence, expert opinion, and knowledge about the risk associated with other viral infections. CDC will continue to update this guidance as new information becomes available.

    Read More>>

    Zika-TweetJoin CDC and Medscape for a Zika “Tweet Chat” designed for physicians, nurses and healthcare professionals. Ask questions and learn how to protect your patients, loved ones, and yourself.

    Discussion topics include:

    • Realities and Misconceptions
    • Olympics and Travel
    • Pregnant Women and Zika
    • Precautions
    • Atypical Symptoms
    • Testing

    Invite your colleagues and network using #ZikaMedChat for the chat on Wednesday, July 27, from 7-8 pm ET!

  • Zika in the USA: Not Travel Related???

    Uh Oh:

    CDC assisting Utah investigation of Zika virus infection apparently not linked to travel

    insectrepellents-animatedCDC is assisting in the investigation of a case of Zika in a Utah resident who is a family contact of the elderly Utah resident who died in late June. The deceased patient had traveled to an area with Zika and lab tests showed he had uniquely high amounts of virus—more than 100,000 times higher than seen in other samples of infected people—in his blood.  Laboratories in Utah and at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported evidence of Zika infection in both Utah residents.

    State and local public health disease control specialists, along with CDC, are investigating how the second resident became infected.  The investigation includes additional interviews with and laboratory testing of family members and health care workers who may have had contact with the person who died and trapping mosquitoes and assessing the risk of local spread by mosquitoes.Zika

    A CDC Emergency Response Team (CERT)  is in Utah at the request of the Utah Department of Health.  The team includes experts in infection control, virology, mosquito control, disease investigation, and health communications.

    Read More>>

  • Zika News

    With the Olympics coming up in Zika embattled Brasil (or Brazil if you prefer), minds turn to safety both there, and here at home - how may this affect the spread of Zika?

    The National Institutes for Health (NIH) are funding a Zika virus study involving U.S. Olympic team, wherein researchers will monitor potential infections among group of U.S. athletes traveling to Brazil.

    CDC Models Risk of Zika Virus Importation Resulting from Travel to the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games:

    According to the Brazilian Tourism Board, approximately 350,000 – 500,000 international visitors and athletes from 207 countries are expected to travel to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games (Games). This travel volume represents a very small fraction – less than 0.25% – of the total estimated 2015 travel volume to Zika-affected countries. Visitors to the Games are expected to have a low probability of mosquito-borne Zika infections because the Games will occur during the winter season in Rio de Janeiro (August 5-21 and September 7-18, respectively) when the cooler and drier weather typically reduces mosquito populations. CDC conducted a risk analysis to predict those countries at risk for Zika virus importation exclusively attributable to the Games.

    Key Points:

    • Whereas all countries are at risk for travel-associated exportation of Zika virus, CDC estimated Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, and Yemen as having unique risk attributable to their travel for the Games.
    • These four countries do not have substantial travel to any country with local Zika virus transmission, except for their participation in the Games, and have environmental conditions and population susceptibility to sustain mosquito-borne transmission of Zika virus.
    • Prevention recommendations for athletes and all other visitors to the Games include that:
      • Pregnant women should not travel to the Games.
      • All visitors should take steps to prevent mosquito bites, both during travel and for 3 weeks after returning home.
      • All visitors should take measures to prevent sexual transmission.

    Learn More>>

    ###

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

    Protect Moms to Be! Protect Moms to Be!

    Other efforts include U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Environmental Protection Agency urging the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico to consider aerial spraying as part of integrated mosquito control program to reduce Zika-associated birth defects, as well as CDC focus on protecting pregnant women:

    Are you pregnant? Here’s what you can do to protect yourself if you don’t currently live in an area with Zika.

    1. Avoid travel to an area with Zika.
    2. Take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
    3. Take steps to prevent getting Zika through sex.
    4. See a doctor or other healthcare provider

    Learn more at CDC

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