Image of responder assisting an anaphylactic shock victim
  • Call 9-1-1 or EMS immediately.
  • One of the most important treatments for shock is keeping the casualty as calm and comfortable as possible.
  • Control the cause of the shock; such as controlling severe bleeding, if possible.
  • If a spinal, neck, or head trauma is not suspected, keep the airway open with the head tilt-chin lift method.
  • If the casualty vomits, turn her/his head to one side to avoid aspirating on or swallowing the vomit. If a spine, neck, or head injury is suspected, keep the casualty’s head, neck, and body in a straight line while turning him/her on her/his side.
  • If possible, elevate the casualty’s legs above the level of the heart. Do not elevate if you suspect broken bones in the legs, neck, or spine.
  • Keep the casualty as comfortable and warm as possible. Cover any visible injuries with a clean, sterile dressing.
  • Do not give fluids to an unconscious casualty. If medical assistance is delayed for more than an hour, you may give the casualty small sips of water.
  • Do not give any fluids if you suspect an abdominal or other injury that may require immediate surgery.
  • Do not give alcoholic, caffeinated or sugary beverages.
Learn what Shock is. Content excerpted from the Urgent First Aid Guide used by permission Copyright 2013 All Rights Reserved. Get a full copy of the First Aid Guide for under $1! Shock can be a life-threatening condition and can manifest itself in a variety of ways and levels of severity. Learn The Signs & Symptoms for shock, as well as treatment for specific types of shock. Find out about LIVE OSHA Standard First Aid & Emergency Care at your location... check out American CPR Training®