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Treatment of a Fractured Bone

  • Image of splint on a fractured limbIf the fracture is severe and the bone is protruding from the skin, call 9-1-1 or EMS immediately and wait for Emergency Medical Personnel to arrive.
  • Do not move the casualty unless they are in immediate danger. If he/she has to be moved, apply a splint before moving the casualty.
  • Leave the fractured limb in the position in which you found it. Do not try to straighten the limb! The splint should be applied in the position of the limb.
  • Place an ice pack on the injured area for up to 20 minutes. Place a cloth between the skin and ice.
  • Applying Splints:
    1. A splint should be long enough to extend beyond the injured joint or bone. The splint should extend above and below the fracture point.
    2. Any firm or rigid material can be used for splinting, such as wood, tongue depressor, cardboard, folded magazines, or newspaper.
    3. Use towels, clothing, or other soft material to cushion the area to prevent further injury.
    4. Support and fasten the splints with bandages or cloths at a minimum of three areas:
      • Below the joint; below the break.
      • Above the joint; above the break.
      • At the level of the break; but not directly on the injury.
  • Broken bones in the hands or feet can be immobilized by gently wrapping a pillow or blanket around them to protect from further injury.
  • Apply pressure with a sterile dressing to control any serious bleeding.

Also read: How to Detect a Bone Fracture

Content excerpted from the Urgent First Aid Guide used by permission Copyright 2013
All Rights Reserved. Get a full copy of the First Aid Guide for under $1!

Learn the Signs, Symptoms and Treatment of Musculoskeletal Injuries in a case where head, neck or spinal injury is suspected. Find out about LIVE OSHA Standard First Aid & Emergency Care at your location... check out American CPR Training™

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