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burn first aid

  • Sun Safety

    Does Sunburn treatment count ans "Burn First Aid"? Absolutely.

    Sunburn can be first or even second degree, is painful and can be dangerous.

    So what do you need to know? First, how to avoid sunburn, and second - how to treat sunburn.

    Avoid Sunburn:

    Use a sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of at least 30 with UVA and UVB protection. Re-apply every 2-3 hours, and pay particular attention to the most exposed parts – the face, neck, ears, shoulders, back, knees and tops of feet.

    Select shaded areas for outdoor activities.

    Wear a broad-brimmed hat, long-sleeved cotton shirt and long pants when you plan to spend long periods in the sun.

    Be careful of medication. Certain prescriptions can make your skin more sensitive to UV rays.

    ? Sunscreen & Sun Protection Lotion ?

    Image of Sunscreen Pouch, 30 SPF - 50 per box Sunscreen comes in a variety of bottles, lotion packets and wipes.

    Treat Sunburn:

    What to look for:

    • Red, painful skin with possible blisters
    • Possible swelling

     What to do:

    • CHECK the scene and the person.
    • Get permission to give care.
    • Cool the burn.
    • Protect from further damage by staying out of the sun or wearing sunscreen.
    • Protect unbroken blisters with loose bandages and keep broken blisters clean to prevent infection.


  • Ring of Fire

    We spent a lot of time this week discussing scalds from steam and hot liquids for Burn Awareness Week, but remember that there are other kitchen burns that occur very frequently...Hot-Stove-Coil

    While Tap water and Steam burn in the kitchen, boiling water on your cooktop often is what created that steam and also splashes to create scald injuries.

    Remember, too,  that electric coil cooking rings are deceptive... we know that red means hot, but in the cooling stages, coils may appears to have returned to a cool state color-wise, yet still retain enough heat to cause damage. Worse than that, gas cooking surfaces usually have black grills that do not change color while cooking, and give no indication that they are dangerously hot if touched.

    Scalds and burns can scar and disfigure, and can cause permanent nerve and tissue damage. Know How to Treat Thermal Burns, and have a Burn First Aid Kit and/or appropriate burn care first aid supplies in your kitchen.

  • Burn Time

    This year, for Burn Awareness Week, the focus is on scalds. Scalds are a painful and unusual type of burn.

    AlarmThe length of contact with the scalding substance, and the temperature are the main factors affecting scald severity. The clothes on which a substance is spilled retain heat until they are removed.

    The nature of the substance matters. The stickier or heavier the substance that spills, the more likely it will retain heat and stick to the body, or to the clothes on the body. Oatmeal and spaghetti sauce heated close to the boiling point, for example, will cause a more severe injury than hot water of the same temperature.

    Some other considerations for scald burns:

    ~ A spill of small size may affect a large area of a child’s body.

    ~ A cup of coffee, for example, could burn 25% of a toddler’s body.

    ~ Scald burns to the face, hands, feet or private areas of the body can be difficult to heal and affect their functions for a long time.

    Also read: Burns and Scalds in the Kitchen & read other articles in our Burn Care First Aid Blog.

  • Burns and Scalds in the Kitchen

    Whether a professional kitchen or a home kitchen, burns and scalds occur more frequently than any other type of injury (even more than cuts.) During Burn Awareness Week, we thought it an appropriate time to cover some burn-related kitchen safety tips.


    • ~ Use oven mitts, not towels, to handle hot pots & pans.
    • ~ Use caution when cooking with grease – keep burner on a low to medium setting and keep a pan lid in reach.
    • ~ Place pots and pans on the back burner with handles turned away from the edge of the stove.
    • ~ Create a 3-foot “no kid zone” in the kitchen around stoves, ovens and hot items.
    • ~ Keep hot drinks away from the edge of tables and counters. Use spill-proof mugs with tight-fitting lids.
    • ~ Adults most often get cooking related scalds from hot liquid spills or when moving containers of hot liquids. Consider the weight of pots and pans fill with hot liquids and food before lifting them. Don’t lift hot items that are too heavy
    • ~ When you microwave food, steam inside cover containers can quickly reach over 200 o F and can burn your hands and face. Pro Tip: Puncture plastic wrap or use vented containers to allow steam to escape while cooking.  Or, wait at least one minute before removing the cover.  When removing covers, lift the corner farthest from you and away from your face or arm.


  • Burn Awareness Week Video and Information

    Burns are a common and commonly dismissed type of injury we try to focus on throughout the year. During Burn Awareness Week, we remind you that it can happen in a flash, with a splash... liquid and steam burn like fire and It takes only 2 seconds of exposure to 148°F/64°C water to cause a burn serious enough to require surgery!

    How to Treat Thermal Burns

    General Burn First Aid Information

    Learn Burn First Aid And have the Burn Treatment Supplies you need on hand! Learn Burn First Aid And have the Burn Treatment Supplies you need on hand!
  • Burn Awareness Week

    Today is the first day of National Burn Awareness Week.

    While we've shared information about How to Treat Thermal Burns, burn awareness is about recognizing the dangers of burns, and planning to avoid them in the first place.

    While workplace safety and OSHA requirements call for burn safety training and engineering controls to help raise awareness and reduce burn injuries - at home it is up to each of us to assure safe practices are followed and safeguards are in place.

    This year, the focus of Burn Awareness Week is on scalds. While among the most common types of thermal burns, scalds are often overlooked as nuisances or minor annoyances. In truth, they can be devastating injuries, causing shock, scarring and death.

    According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, in 2013 alone, an estimated 68,536 scald burn injuries associated with consumer household appliances and products (e.g. stoves, coffee makers, tableware, cookware, bathtubs, etc.) were seen in hospital emergency rooms in the U.S.; 15,588 (23%) of these occurred to children 4 years old and younger.

    While a vast majority of scald burns can be prevented with simple precautions such as setting appliances at the back of counters while on, adjusting water heater to lower temperatures, and serving hot foods on plates rather than bringing the cookware directly to the table, lack of concern or awareness leads to mistakes that cause these injuries and accidents. Worse, "old wives tales" or failure to have proper burn remedies at hand lead to bad pre-hospital treatment of scald burn injuries that result in the needs for expensive and painful corrective surgeries, or life-long disfigurement.

    Annual United States Burm Injury Statistics

    • 3,400 deaths
    • 450,000 burn injuries treated
    • 30,000 hospitalized in specialized burn centers
    • 1/3 of people admitted to burn centers are for scald injuries

    SOURCE:  American Burn Association:  Burn Incidence & Treatment in the U.S., 2013  Fact Sheet



  • How to Treat Thermal Burns

    Image of thermal burn treatment instructionFollow these tips in the case of a mild thermal burn:

    • Cool the burned area by immersing in cool, clean water for at least 15 minutes.
    • Do not break blisters or rub skin.
    • Place a dry, sterile dressing over the burn area to keep clean.

    Follow these tips in the case of a severe thermal burn:

    • Call 9-1-1 or EMS if the burn is severe.
    • Cool the burned area by immersing in cool, clean water for at least 15 minutes.
    • Apply a clean, sterile dressing over the burned area(s) to protect from infection.
    • Keep the casualty calm and still while you wait for EMS to arrive.
    • If possible, elevate the burned area to help prevent swelling and pain, but only do so if it does not cause further discomfort to the casualty.

    Also read: General Burn First Aid Information & Tips on Treating Chemical Burns

    Burn Care First Aid Treatment Supplies & Fire Safety Products including Fire Blankets and Burn Kits! Burn Care First Aid Treatment Supplies & Fire Safety Products including Fire Blankets and Burn Kits!

    Content excerpted from the Urgent First Aid Guide used by permission Copyright 2013
    All Rights Reserved. Get a full copy of the First Aid Guide for under $1!

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