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fire extinguisher

  • Fires & Wildfire


     Evacuation & Fire Safety Equipment Emergency Evacuation & Fire Supplies: FIRE! Nobody wants to hear this, but if you do; Are You Ready? Everyone knows you need Fire Extinguishers and Smoke/CO2 Alarms, but what about Fire Resistant Document Bags, Escape ladders for exiting a burning building during a fire or other catastrophe, fire blankets, burn kits and supplies, or even Fire and Evacuation Safety training materials? Fire is the most common disaster to strike... are you and your loved ones ready? Fire Safety & Evacuation Supplies + Smoke & Carbon Monoxide Alarms, escape hoods and More!
    Evacuation & Fire Safety Equipment
    Emergency Evacuation & Fire Supplies: FIRE! Nobody wants to hear this, but if you do; Are You Ready? Everyone knows you need Fire Extinguishers and Smoke/CO2 Alarms, but what about Fire Resistant Document Bags, Escape ladders for exiting a burning building during a fire or other catastrophe, fire blankets, burn kits and supplies, or even Fire and Evacuation Safety training materials? Fire is the most common disaster to strike... are you and your loved ones ready?
    Fire Safety & Evacuation Supplies + Smoke & Carbon Monoxide Alarms, escape hoods and More!

    While house fires happen most often between Halloween and the New Year (due to heaters, candles, and decorative lights) and Wildfires are generally a Summer to early Autumn concern… either can happen at any time. Be sure that you and your family or co-workers know basic fire safety principles; the common causes of fires, the importance of good housekeeping, how to prevent office, home and wildfires… and how to use a fire extinguisher. Know your fire escape plans at home, work, and school. Conduct drills, and find out what your community’s evacuation routes are depending upon location and direction of a wildfire. Smoke is a major killer in fires. Have escape hoods or protective masks and stay low when escaping a fire. Whether for business or personal fire preparedness, protect important documents with fire bags, and do not delay in protecting your irreplaceable family photos and quintessentially important inventory (insurance) photos of property by backing up digital copies of all these far away from the originals… like in the cloud.

    Read more: Wildfire • Fireworks Safety • Fire • Campfire Safety • Fire Safety & Extinguishers • The Fire Triangle • Types of Fire Extinguishers • Ring of Fire • Make a Fire Escape Plan • Drill

  • Wildfire

    Are you ready for Wildfire?

    Wildfires kill 30 people, destroy 2,800 homes and burn more than seven million acres on average, per year. Be prepared, aware and act early if a wildfire comes your way. Drier conditions can fuel wildfires. Be Ready, Be Firewise.


  • Fire

    In most cases, a fire should be your signal to quickly evacuate the building via the quickest and safest route.  If, however, a fire can be easily extinguished, it can significantly reduce the risk of injury and property damage.


    Be aware of fire extinguisher locations, and know how to use them. In the workplace, fire extinguishers are usually located near the stairwells.  Most extinguishers sold today are “ABC” class.  This means they are designed to extinguish:

    A – Combustibles, paper, wood, trash,

    B – Hydrocarbons, oils, greases, and

    C – Electrical fires.

    See our Fire Prevention & Safety Training Materials! See our Fire Prevention & Safety Training Materials!

    Examine the extinguisher prior to an emergency:

    • Determine if it is an ABC class extinguisher,
    • Check the pressure gauge,
    • Check the safety pin and connector,
    • Check the hose for cracks,
    • Check to see the date of the last inspection or charging.

    To operate an extinguisher:

    P – Pull the Pin

    A – Aim the Nozzle

    S – Squeeze the Handle

    S – Sweep Side to Side

  • Fire Safety & Extinguishers

    Fire - one of the most devastating emergencies, and a year-round risk.

    emergency-exitEvery Company should have a full complement of the proper type of fire extinguisher for the fire hazards present. All fire extinguishers should be inspected annually by a fire protection equipment company and tagged with the date of inspection. If a fire extinguisher is used or discharged for any reason, it should be removed from service and replaced with another properly charged fire extinguisher while it is being recharged.

    Employees who are expected or anticipated to use fire extinguishers should be instructed on the hazards of fighting fires, how to properly operate the fire extinguishers available, and what procedures to follow in alerting others to the fire emergency. These employees should only attempt to extinguish small incipient fires. If a fire cannot be immediately and easily extinguished with a fire extinguisher, the employees should evacuate the building.  They should not try to fight the fire!  All employees who are not trained and designated to fight fires should immediately evacuate the premises at the first sign of  fire or initiation of the fire alarm and should be prohibited from using an extinguisher or re-entering the premises until declared safe by fire professionals.

    Rules for Fighting a Fire

    (First learn about the Fire Triangle & Fire Extinguishers)

    Fires can be very dangerous and you should always be certain that you will not endanger yourself or others when attempting to put out a fire. For this reason, when a fire is discovered:

    • Assist any person in immediate danger to safety, if it can be accomplished without risk to yourself.
    • Activate the building fire alarm system or notify the fire department by dialing 911 (or designating someone else to notify them for you). When you activate the building fire alarm system, it will automatically notify the fire department and get help on the way. It will also sound the building alarms to notify other occupants, and it will shut down the air handling units to prevent the spread of smoke throughout the building.
    • Only after having done these two things, if the fire is small, you may attempt to use an extinguisher to put it out.


    You don't know what is burning. If you don't know what is burning, you don't know what type of extinguisher to use. Even if you have an ABC extinguisher, there may be something in the fire which is going to explode or produce highly toxic smoke. Chances are, you will know what's burning, or at least have a pretty good idea, but if you don't, let the fire department handle it.

    The fire is spreading rapidly beyond the spot where it started. The time to use an extinguisher is in the incipient, or beginning, stages of a fire. If the fire is already spreading quickly, it is best to simple evacuate the building, closing doors and windows behind you as you leave.

    Do Not Fight the Fire If:

    You don't have adequate or appropriate equipment. If you don't have the correct type or large enough extinguisher, it is best not to try to fight the fire.

    You might inhale toxic smoke. If the fire is producing large amounts of smoke that you would have to breathe in order to fight it, it is best not to try. Any sort of combustion will produce some amount of carbon monoxide, but when synthetic materials such as the nylon in carpeting or foam padding in a sofa burn, they can produce highly toxic gases such as hydrogen cyanide, acrolein, and ammonia in addition to carbon monoxide. These gases can be fatal in very small amounts.

    Your instincts tell you not to. If you are uncomfortable with the situation for any reason, just let the fire department do their job.

    The final rule is to always position yourself with an exit or means of escape at your back before you attempt to use an extinguisher to put out a fire. In case the extinguisher malfunctions, or something unexpected happens, you need to be able to get out quickly, and you don't want to become trapped. Just remember, always keep an exit at your back.

    How to Use a Fire Extinguisher

    It's easy to remember how to use a fire extinguisher if you can remember the acronym PASS, which stands for Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and Sweep.

    Pull the Pin.

    This will allow you to discharge the extinguisher.

    Aim at the base of the fire.

    If you aim at the flames (which is frequently the temptation), the extinguishing agent will fly right through and do no good. You want to hit the fuel.

    Squeeze the top handle or lever.

    This depresses a button that releases the pressurized extinguishing agent in the extinguisher.

    Sweep from side to side

    until the fire is completely out. Start using the extinguisher from a safe distance away, then move forward. Once the fire is out, keep an eye on the area in case it re-ignites.

    If any employee discovers a fire or smoke, and the employee cannot put out the fire immediately, the employee should immediately pull the nearest fire alarm box or follow whatever fire alarm procedure is in place.

    If a fire alarm sounds or a fire is otherwise announced, all employees (except those designated and trained to use fire extinguishers) are expected to immediately exit the premises by proceeding to the nearest exit in an orderly fashion. If the nearest exit is blocked by fire or smoke, the employees should proceed to an alternate exit. There should be no running, shouting, pushing, etc. A calm orderly evacuation is the safest for all concerned.Fire_Exit

  • Types of Fire Extinguishers

    Which type of Fire Extinguisher is right for the job? How do you know what type it is?

    Most fire extinguishers will have a pictograph label telling which fuels the extinguisher is designed to fight.


    Different types of fire extinguishers are designed to fight different classes of fire. The three most common types of fire extinguishers are:

    • Water (APW) Extinguishers
    • Carbon Dioxide Extinguisher, and
    • Dry Chemical Extinguishers

    Water (APW) Extinguishers

    APWs are designed for Class A (wood, paper, cloth) fires only.

    Never use water to extinguish flammable liquid fires. Water is extremely ineffective at extinguishing this type of fire, and you may, in fact, spread the fire if you try to use water on it.

    Never use water to extinguish an electrical fire. Water is a good conductor, and there is some concern for electrocution if you were to use water to extinguish an electrical fire. Electrical equipment must be unplugged and/or de-energized before using a water extinguisher on it.

    APWs extinguish fire by taking away the "heat" element of the fire triangle. APWs are generally found in older buildings, particularly in public hallways.

    Carbon Dioxide (CO2 ) Extinguishers

    Carbon Dioxide extinguishers are filled with non-flammable carbon dioxide gas under extreme pressure. You can recognize a CO2 extinguisher by its hard horn and lack of pressure gauge. The pressure in the cylinder is so great that when you use one of these extinguishers, bits of dry ice may shoot out the horn.

    CO2 cylinders are red and range in size from 5 lbs to 100 lbs or larger. In the larger sizes, the hard horn will be located on the end of a long, flexible hose.

    CO2’s are designed for Class B and C
    (flammable liquid and electrical) fires only

    Carbon Dioxide is a non-flammable gas that extinguishes fire by displacing oxygen, or taking away the oxygen element of the fire triangle. The carbon dioxide is also very cold as it comes out of the extinguisher, so it cools the fuel as well. CO2’s may be ineffective at extinguishing Class A fires because they may not be able to displace enough oxygen to successfully put the fire out. Class A materials may also smolder and re-ignite. CO2’s will frequently be found in laboratories, mechanical rooms, kitchens, and flammable liquid storage areas.

    FireExtinguisherABCDry Chemical Extinguishers

    Dry Chemical Extinguishers come in a variety of types. You may see them labeled:

    • "DC" short for "dry chem"
    • "ABC" indicating that they are designed to extinguish class A,B,and C fires, or
    • "BC" indicating that they are designed to extinguish class B and C fires.

    "ABC" fire extinguishers are filled with a fine yellow powder. The greatest portion of this powder is composed of mono-ammonium phosphate. Nitrogen is used to pressurize the extinguishers.

    ABC extinguishers are red and range in size from 5 lbs. to 20 lbs.

    It is extremely important to identify which types of dry chemical extinguishers are located in your area. Read the labels and know their locations! You don't want to mistakenly use a "BC" extinguisher on a Class A fire, thinking that it was an "ABC" extinguisher.

    Dry chemical extinguishers put out fire by coating the fuel with a thin layer of dust, separating the fuel from the oxygen in the air. The powder also works to interrupt the chemical reaction of fire, so these extinguishers are extremely effective at putting out fire.

    These extinguishers will be found in a variety of locations. New buildings will have them located in public hallways. They may also be found in laboratories, mechanical rooms, break rooms, chemical storage areas, offices, university vehicles, etc.

    Dry chemical extinguishers with powder designed for Class B and C fires may be located in places such as commercial kitchens or areas with flammable liquids.

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