From the popular SAM medical splint to disposable, air and wire splints: Disposable Splints, Wire Splints, SAM Splints, Inflatable Air Hand & Wrist or Foot & Ankle Splints, Finger Splints in Aluminum. - See our First Aid Instructions for fractures to understand the use of rigid, soft and other splints for support or immobilization of limbs during first aid treatment and transport of injured persons.

Splints - This is our selection of conventional first aid splints for hard, soft and anatomical splinting - also see inflatable air splints

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First Aid for Fractures (Broken Bones)

General Information on broken bones and fractures

A fracture is a break or chip in the bone. A fracture should be suspected if the body part does not have a normal appearance or function. A fracture is usually accompanied by pain, swelling and discoloration of the injured area. The main objective of first aid treatment for broken bones is to prevent further injury. There are a two main types of fractures:

  • Closed Fracture – the bone is broken but the skin has not been punctured.
  • Open Fracture – the skin is broken and the broken bone protrudes from the wound.


  • If the fracture is severe and the bone is protruding from the skin, call 9-1-1 or EMS immediately and wait for Emergency Medical Personnel to arrive.
  • Do not move the casualty unless they are in immediate danger. If he/she has to be moved, apply a splint before moving the casualty.
  • Leave the fractured limb in the position in which you found it. Do not try to straighten the limb! The splint should be applied in the position of the limb.
  • Place an ice pack on the injured area for up to 20 minutes. Place a cloth between the skin and ice.
  • Applying Splints:
    1. A splint should be long enough to extend beyond the injured joint or bone. The splint should extend above and below the fracture point.
    2. Any firm or rigid material can be used for splinting, such as wood, tongue depressor, cardboard, folded magazines or newspaper.
    3. Use towels, clothing, or other soft material to cushion the area to prevent further injury.
    4. Support and fasten the splints with bandages or cloths at a minimum of three areas:
      • Below the joint; below the break.
      • Above the joint; above the break.
      • At the level of the break; but not directly on the injury
  • Broken bones in the hands or feet can be immobilized by gently wrapping a pillow or blanket around them to protect from further injury.
  • Apply pressure with a sterile dressing to control any serious bleeding.
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